AM21-043, August 1, 1865
Form of Material
Official copy of a telegram from Secretary of War E.M. Stanton providing guidance to Gen. Slocum regarding "the Jackson case," which had created a schism between Mississippi Provisional Gov. William Sharkey and Henry Slocum.
- Creation: August 1, 1865
- Stanton, Edwin M., 25th United States Attorney General; and 27th United States Secretary of War (Edwin McMasters), 1814-1869 (Person)
Conditions Governing Access
Noncirculating; available for research.
Biographical / Historical
Following the Confederacy's defeat, government rule throughout the South was confused as provisional governments, military commands, and the Freedman's Bureau all vied for authority. Lawlessness was rampant.
In Mississippi, tensions came to a head quickly. Governor Sharkey was adamantly opposed to army authority over civilians. When the army arrested a planter, Joseph Jackson, for killing a freedman based on only one slave's accusation, Sharkey directed Judge Daniel Merwin to issue a writ of habeas corpus securing Jackson's release. General Slocum then arrested Judge Merwin. This telegram was sent to Slocum in the midst of this confusion.
Language of Materials
From the Unprocessed Collection: English
An innocuous telegram documenting President Andrew Johnson's deliberations regarding the path Reconstruction would soon take throughout the South.
Purchased with Culpepper funds
Date of Receipt: February 2021
Part of the Historical Manuscripts and Photographs Repository
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