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Garret Smith Ainsworth Papers

Identifier: M194

Scope and Contents

This collection consists of Garrett Smith Ainsworth's memorandum book (diary), October 2, 1860-Dec. 31, 1861; diary, Jan. 1, 1862-April 28, 1863; and pocket diary, Aug. 24, 1862-April 27, 1863. They mainly recount his experiences while a private in Company A, 15th Illinois Volunteer Regiment, United States Army. Included are details of conditions in camp, particularly accidents and illness among the troops, especially the malaria from which Ainsworth suffered. He discusses day-to-day activities, food and clothing of the soldiers, and rumors in camp. Miscellaneous items in the collection include newspaper clippings of poems of the Civil War period, letters from Ainsworth to his mother in McHenry, Illinois, and music that Ainsworth composed.


  • 1860-1863


Conditions Governing Access

Noncirculating; available for research

Conditions Governing Use

This collection may be protected from unauthorized copying by the Copyright Law of the United States (Title 17, United States Code).

Biographical / Historical

Garrett Smith Ainsworth served as a private in Company A, 15th Illinois Volunteer Infantry, United States Army, from May 24, 1861, until September 24, 1863, when he was medically discharged. Born on October 2, 1839, in Middleville, New York, he grew up in McHenry County in northern Illinois and enlisted in the service in Freeport, Illinois. His regiment saw action at Fort Donelson and Pittsburg Landing, Tennessee, in February and March 1862 and at Shiloh and Corinth, Mississippi, in April and May. After duty in Memphis, the unit was a part of Grant's Central Mississippi Campaign, including operations on the Mississippi Central Railroad, and the sieges at Vicksburg and Jackson. In mid-August 1863 the unit moved to Natchez, where Ainsworth was medically discharged on September 24, 1863. He died on November 8, 1863, probably as a result of the malaria from which he had suffered for more than a year. He was buried in Woodland Cemetery, McHenry, Illinois.


0.25 Cubic Feet

Language of Materials


Immediate Source of Acquisition

Donated by Paul A. Gregory in July 1982

Garrett Smith Ainsworth Papers
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
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Repository Details

Part of the Historical Manuscripts and Photographs Repository

118 College Drive - 5148
Hattiesburg MS 39406-0001