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Margaret Jo Hazelton Freedom Summer Collection

 Collection
Identifier: M359

Scope and Contents

The collection consists of papers and photographs documenting Margaret Hazelton's Freedom Summer volunteer work in Clarksdale, MS from June to August of 1964. The papers date from the summer of 1964 to 1968 and contain a variety of materials, most notably Margaret Hazelton's pocket journal, affidavits and itemizations of race-related harassment throughout the state, and materials about Freedom Summer, Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), and the Council of Federated Organizations (COFO). Other materials include Margaret Hazelton's correspondence to the Woodmere Methodist Church in Detroit, Michigan and a sermon from this church by Rev. James N. Porter entitled "The Tip of His Finger." The papers are arranged alphabetically by subject.

Rev. Frazer Thomason took the photographs. The majority of them are taken in Clarksdale, MS. These photographs include work in the community center, staff meetings, and various sights around the town. A few of the photographs were taken at the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party convention in Jackson, MS. The photographs are arranged in the order they arrived.

Dates

  • circa 1964

Creator

Conditions Governing Access

Noncirculating; available for research.

Restrictions

Available for research use by the serious student and scholar.

Conditions Governing Use

This collection may be protected from unauthorized copying by the Copyright Law of the United States (Title 17, United States Code).

Biographical / Historical

Margaret Jo Hazelton was born on May 14, 1942 in Detroit, Michigan to John K. and Georgia L. Hazelton. She has two siblings, an older sister, Louise, and a younger sister, Katherine. She attended Higgins Elementary, Woodrow Wilson Junior High School and graduated from Cass Technical High School in 1960. She then entered Wayne State University, majoring in Biology.

In June of 1964, Ms. Hazelton participated in the Mississippi Freedom Summer Project. The project's goal was to help Mississippi's African Americans gain the basic rights they were being denied. Ms. Hazelton worked in Clarksdale, Mississippi, at one of the community centers set up across the state. She worked in recreational activities with children and also with the adult literacy program. After attending the Mississippi National Democratic Freedom Party Convention, a political division campaigning for African Americans to run for public offices, near the end of the summer, Ms. Hazelton returned to Wayne State University in Detroit, Michigan to continue her education.

Margaret Hazelton received a Bachelor of Science degree in Biology in 1965. From 1965 to 1966, she worked as a laboratory technologist at the University of Michigan working in arthritis research. In 1966, she joined the Peace Corps, teaching science and English in a junior high/high school in Malaysia. Upon returning to the United States in 1968, she joined the Detroit Travelers Aid, where she worked until 1972. Ms. Hazelton worked various medical technology jobs until 1982, when she returned to Wayne State University to obtain her master's degree.

In 1984, Ms. Hazelton received her Master of Social Work degree and began working as an outpatient therapist at New Center Community Mental Health working with children, adolescents, and families. In 1986, she moved to Aurora Child and Adolescent Hospital where she was a therapist in an inpatient setting continuing to work with children, adolescents, and their families. After 1991, she worked in various outpatient mental health settings in Portland, Oregon. From 1994 to 2002, she was a clinical case manager and then team leader in Managed Behavioral Care. As of 2002, she is working as a consumer advocate for those receiving mental health care.

Ms. Hazelton currently lives in Trenton, Michigan. She has one son, Hugh P. Jedwill. Her hobbies include gardening, international relations and peace issues. She is the president of Friends of Malaysia, a Returned Peace Corps Volunteer group that supports further education and information about Malaysia, Asia, and projects in Malaysia. She maintains an active involvement in the National Peace Corps Association, which is composed of many affiliated groups of Returned Peace Corps Volunteers supporting the Peace Corps and international development.

When asked how she arrived at the decision to serve as a Freedom Summer Volunteer, she said the following: "I very much believed and still believe that there should be true equality. I believe that every human being has equal importance and the right to dignity and respect. This belief was developed during my early years, by my activity in the Methodist church and Christian principles. I was an undergraduate student at Wayne State University and saw a leaflet. I had already participated in several civil rights actions and just "knew" that I had to actually act on my beliefs. It was not an easy decision since we had to pay our own way, and I had very little extra money. I truly appreciate my minister co-signing a loan via the Methodist Credit Union. Even though during my orientation week, we found out that three workers had "disappeared", I still felt very sure of my decision. It is a decision for which I will always feel proud and know that it was important, if not for anyone but myself. By participating in the activities of Freedom Summer, I learned that one can have an impact, even if it's one person at a time. It also gave me the courage to continue to reach beyond myself, and I did by joining the Peace Corps a few years later. Those two experiences have influenced the entire rest of my life."

Extent

.25 Cubic Feet

Language of Materials

English

Abstract

Photographs taken during Mississippi Freedom Summer.

Provenance

Donated by Margaret Hazelton on November 13, 2001.

Existence and Location of Copies

For Digitized Materials from this collection, see: External Documents link at bottom of page.

Related Materials

M320 Zoya Zeman Freedom Summer Collection

M336 Matthew Zwerling Freedom Summer Collection

Sources

Material in the collection

Information supplied by Margaret Hazelton via a questionnaire

Photograph Log

M359-1 Local Woman 3x5 black and white 1964 An older woman from Clarksdale, MS wearing a hat and work clothes stares into the camera. Behind her are a hedge and a building.

M359-2 Aaron Henry’s Drugstore 4x5 black and white 1964 Outside of Aaron Henry’s drugstore in Clarksdale, MS. The name of the store (4th St. Drug) is over an awning and between two Coca-Cola signs. A man is walking to the left of the door and a bicycle is to the right of it.

M359-3 Aaron Henry 3x5 black and white 1964 Aaron Henry is holding a telephone receiver and talking into it. The wall behind him (lined with shelves filled with various bottles) suggests he is in his drugstore in Clarksdale, MS.

M359-4 Mrs. Henry 3x5 black and white 1964 Mrs. Henry (Aaron Henry’s wife from Clarksdale, MS) smiles at the camera.

M359-5 Doctor from New York 3x5 black and white 1964 An older man sits at a table with bottles on it. He is staring at someone to the right of the camera. The man is a doctor visiting Clarksdale, MS from New York.

M359-6 Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party Convention 4x5 black and white 1964 Bob Moses is standing behind a podium in the center at the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party Convention in Jackson, MS. To the left of the podium is an unidentified woman and Aaron Henry, both of whom are seated. To the right of the podium are three unidentified seated men. A man stands off the stage, to the front right of the podium.

M359-7 Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party Convention 4x5 black and white 1964 Photograph taken from the rear of an auditorium in Jackson, MS. The foreground consists of a large group of people sitting. On either side of the auditorium are raised signs with the names of Mississippi counties where Freedom workers were working.

M359-8 Local House 3x5 black and white 1964 The rear of a rundown house in Clarksdale, MS. What looks like corn has been piled beside a fence to the right.

M359-9 Local Children at Community Center 8x10 black and white 1964 Local children making freedom chains in Clarksdale, MS. The table in the foreground has five children sitting and one standing. The table to the back right has three children sitting.

M359-10 Local Children at the Community Center 8x10 black and white 1964 Local children making “Freedom Chains” (paper loops linked together) in Clarksdale, MS. The table in the foreground has six children around it (four sitting, one obstructed sitting, and one standing). The next table has four boys sitting around it. The furthest table has two women (one sitting, one standing).

M359-11 Staff Meeting 8x10 black and white 1964 Nine people sitting and standing in a small room in Clarksdale, MS. A window in the background has a fan and a poster saying “No U.S. Dough to Help Jim Crow Grow.” From left to right: two unidentified persons, Lew Sitzer, Bob Mandel, possibly Les Johnson, Yvonne Klein with head down, Margie (Margaret) Hazelton, Mat Zwerling, and Lafayette Surney with his back to the camera.

M359-12 Local Teens 4x5 black and white 1964 Four teens are standing in Aaron Henry’s backyard in Clarksdale, MS. All four of them are looking to the right.

M359-13 Local Backyard 4x5 black and white 1964 A wire fence divides one yard from another in Clarksdale, MS. Corn stalks are piled in the left foreground. A rundown house is the focal point of the photo.

M359-14 Aaron Henry’s Drugstore 4x5 black and white 1964 Rayford (given name unknown), an unidentified woman, and Mrs. Aaron Henry sit around a table in Aaron Henry’s drugstore in Clarksdale, MS.

M359-15 Aaron Henry and an Attorney from Boston 4x5 black and white 1964 Aaron Henry (left) and an attorney from Boston (right) in Clarksdale, MS. Henry is looking at the attorney. An unidentified person is standing to the back right of the attorney.

M359-16 Staff Meeting 4x5 black and white 1964 Several men and women are sitting and standing in a small room in Clarksdale, MS. In the upper far left is profile of Joe Youngerman. In the center are Mat Zwerling (standing) and Lafayette Surney (sitting). Margie (Margaret) Hazelton is sitting in the foreground with her back to the camera. All other people are unidentified.

M359-17 Local Children 4x5 black and white 1964 Four children are sitting at a table in Clarksdale, MS. The first is looking into the camera. The second is looking away. The third is smiling broadly. The fourth is looking to the right.

M359-18 Local Teens Exercising 4x5 black and white 1964 Two teens sitting on a floor stretching in Clarksdale, MS. Two more are sitting in desks pushed against the far wall. All are unidentified.

M359-19 Locals by a Cab Stand 4x5 black and white 1964 One woman and two men are sitting on a bench in Clarksdale, MS, with another man standing to the right. Above the bench are written “Johnnie Cab” and a phone number.

M359-20 Locals at Church Community Meeting 4x5 black and white 1964 Two men are sitting in a pew in a church in Clarksdale, MS. The closest has his hands resting on the armrest. The other man (wearing glasses) has his arm on the back of the pew behind the first man. Several other people are in the background. All are unidentified and looking to the right.

M359-21 Rev. Rayford’s Son 4x5 black and white 1964 Mr. Rayford is leaning forward slightly and turned to his right, looking to the right of the camera. He is wearing a white shirt. Margaret Hazelton writes that she cannot remember his first name. Hazelton also writes that he, Mat [Zwerling], and herself were involved in a “very scary happening one time.”

M359-22 Group Photograph in the Church 4x5 black and white 1964 Six Freedom Summer workers in the church in Clarksdale, MS are posing for the photograph. From left to right: Rev. Rayford’s son (given name unknown), an unidentified woman, C. T. Vivian (?), Mrs. Aaron Henry, Ms. Piggee (given name unknown), Rev. Frazer Thomason.

M359-23 Locals Chopping Cotton 4x5 black and white 1964 Two men standing in a field in Clarksdale, MS. Both are facing the camera, and both are holding tools. A white house is in the far, back left.

M359-24 Local Views 4x5 black and white 1964 A chicken in a makeshift chicken coop in Clarksdale, MS.

M359-25 Outside Freedom Office 4x5 black and white 1964 Outside of Freedom (COFO) office in Clarksdale, MS. Two unidentified men (one on crutches) stand outside.

M359-26 Local Kid in “Jail” at Carnival 4x5 black and white 1964 A local child stands behind a fake jail in Clarksdale, MS. The bars are stacked benches with “Freedom Chains” (paper loops chained together) hanging vertically.

M359-27 Local Woman with Her Children 4x5 black and white 1964 A woman sitting with two children in Clarksdale, MS. One child is sitting on her lap and staring at the camera. The second child is standing to the left of the woman. The woman is looking at the second child.

M359-28 Local Kid at the Carnival 4x5 black and white 1964 Local boy standing in a corner surrounded by stacked benches in Clarksdale, MS. Draped around him are “Freedom Chains” (paper loops connected as a chain).

M359-29 Local Woman in a Church 4x5 black and white 1964 Local woman (possibly Mrs. Gray) sitting in the church at a community meeting in Clarksdale, MS.

M359-30 Local Teens at the Community Center 4x5 black and white 1964 Three local teens sitting in the community center in Clarksdale, MS. The two girls are on either side of the boy. Margaret Hazelton writes, “the guy in the middle is a wonderful painter.”

M359-31 Local Teens and David Batzka 4x5 black and white 1964 Two men sitting in front of a painting in the community center. The teen (left) is painting a sailboat while David Batzka (right) watches. Above Batzka’s head in the background, a girl is looking toward the camera.

M359-32 Aaron Henry’s Backyard 4x5 black and white 1964 Aaron Henry (right, back turned) and unidentified locals in Aaron Henry’s backyard in Clarksdale, MS, deep-frying chicken.

M359-33 Aaron Henry’s Backyard 4x5 black and white 1964 Joe Youngerman (in glasses) and unidentified local teens sit in Mr. Henry's backyard in Clarksdale, MS. In the left background, Lew Sitzer, Mat Zwerling, and Margie (Margaret) Hazelton are sitting.

M359-34 Mat Zwerling and Margie Hazelton 4x5 black and white 1964 Mat Zwerling talks to Margie (Margaret) Hazelton in Aaron Henry’s backyard in Clarksdale, MS.

M359-35 Community Meeting in a Church 3x5 black and white 1964 A community meeting in a church in Clarksdale, MS. People are holding hands and singing “We Shall Overcome.” At the right are Mat Zwerling and a social worker from New York. In the center is a man sitting with a camera.

M359-36 Three Local Men 4x5 black and white 1964 Three local men are in front of a store in Clarksdale, MS. Two are sitting and one is standing.

M359-37 Mrs. Thomason with Kids 4x5 black and white 1964 Mrs. Loris Thomason (standing, wife of Rev. Frazer Thomason) works with four children at the community center in Clarksdale, MS.

M359-38 Lafayette Surney 4x5 black and white 1964 Lafayette Surney (standing) at the church community meeting in Clarksdale, MS.

M359-39 Local Kids and Margie Hazelton 4x5 black and white 1964 Margie (Margaret) Hazelton (wearing glasses) is working with local children at the community center in Clarksdale, MS.

M359-40 Local Teens in Aaron Henry’s Backyard 4x5 black and white 1964 Local teens at a social gathering in Aaron Henry’s backyard in Clarksdale, MS. Several teens and volunteers are standing. A girl (center) is pointing a camera at the photographer. Margaret Hazelton writes that she loved the mimosa tree in the background.

M359-41 Local Kids at the Carnival 4x5 black and white 1964 Two boys are standing, holding the feet of other children. They are at the “Carnival” in Aaron Henry’s backyard in Clarksdale, MS.

M359-42 Margie Hazelton, Paul Kendall, and Kids 4x5 black and white 1964 Margie (Margaret) Hazelton (wearing glasses) and Paul Kendall work a jigsaw puzzle with children at the community center in Clarksdale, MS.

M359-43 Three Volunteers 4x5 black and white 1964 David Batzka (leaning over), Martha Davis (sitting), and Margie (Margaret) Hazelton (standing) possibly in community center in Clarksdale, MS.

M359-44 Jim Forman and a Local Person 4x5 black and white 1964 Jim Forman behind pulpit and a local person at the church community meeting in Clarksdale, MS.

M359-45 Local Teen and David Batzka 4x5 black and white 1964 A local teen (left) and David Batzka (right) in the community center in Clarksdale, MS.

M359-46 Rev. and Mrs. Thomason 4x5 black and white 1964 Rev. Frazer and Mrs. Loris Thomason are standing near some. Two teens are sitting nearby. Possibly in Clarksdale, MS.

M359-47 Local Kids and Mrs. Thomason 4x5 black and white 1964 Mrs. Loris Thomason working with at least seven children. The children, all of whom are sitting or standing, are making what appear to be pinwheels.

M358-48 Aaron Henry, a Police Officer, and an Unidentified Man 4x5 black and white 1964 An unidentified man (left) and Aaron Henry (right) are talking to a police officer (possibly Ben Collins).

M358-49 Staff Management in Freedom House 3x5 black and white 1964 Volunteers sitting and standing in the Freedom House in Clarksdale, MS during a staff meeting. From left to right: (back row) unidentified person, possibly Sue Gladstone, Bob and Lisa Mandel, Lew Sitzer, three unidentified local teens, Paul Kendall, (middle row) possibly Les Johnson, Doris Newman, unidentified person, possibly SNCC staff from Alabama, Mark Fast, the attorney from Boston, an unidentified local, (front row) Yvonne Klein, and Kate Quinn (her back is to camera).

M358-50 Rev. Rayford 4x5 black and white 1964 Rev. Rayford smiling into the camera.

M358-51 Back of Injured Man’s Head 4x5 black and white 1964 Back of the attorney from Boston’s head (left) that was injured when he was arrested and pushed into the police car. Possibly the back of Rev. Frazer Thomason (right).

M358-52 Aaron Henry and National Media 4x5 black and white 1964 Aaron “Doc” Henry and a national media reporter. Possibly Doug Sanders at the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party Convention in Jackson, MS.

M358-53 Local Views 4x5 black and white 1964 Chicken flapping its wings in a makeshift chicken coop.
Title
Margaret Jo Hazelton Freedom Summer Collection
Status
Completed
Language of description
English
Script of description
Latin

Repository Details

Part of the Historical Manuscripts and Photographs Repository

Contact:
118 College Drive - 5148
Hattiesburg MS 39406-0001
601.266.4345