Mamie Lee Phillips Civil Rights Memoir
Scope and Contents
The collection consists of a two-page typed memoir of Mrs. Phillip's experiences as an African American in a segregated society, and the consequences associated with being a civil rights activist. She mentions a visit to Hattiesburg by civil rights activist Aaron Henry, and the fire-bombing of Vernon Dahmer's home.
- Other: A recollection of the 1960s, written in 1998
- Phillips, Mamie Lee Banks, 1914- (Person)
Conditions Governing Access
Noncirculating; available for research.
Conditions Governing Use
This collection may be protected from unauthorized copying by the Copyright Law of the United States (Title 17, United States Code).
Biographical / Historical
Mamie Lee Phillips was born in Pinola , Mississippi (Simpson County) on September 13, 1914, to Steve and Phenie Banks. Her siblings were Barnie, Naomi, Emry, Maggie, Charlie, Mary and Steve, Jr. She attended Alcorn Central Elementary School and Priest Creek High School, followed by one semester of college.
In 1940 she moved to Hattiesburg, Mississippi and joined the local chapter of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). On April 23, 1947, she married Charles H. Phillips, who was also active in the NAACP. Together, they spent the next twenty years participating in community projects, demonstrations and teaching government courses struggling to bridge the divide between disconnected communities in Hattiesburg .
Mrs. Phillips' civil rights activism spanned a period of almost 30 years, beginning in 1940 and culminating in the 1960s. She and her husband generously fed and housed more than 30 civil rights workers during the height of the civil rights movement in Hattiesburg in the 1960s. The couple owned and operated the In and Out Lunch Bar, a restaurant located at 600 S. Tipton Street in Hattiesburg. In addition, Mrs. Phillips served as manager of the Francis Street Apartments in Hattiesburg for more than eighteen years. Other career activities included work as a beautician and a musician. Fishing and gardening were among her hobbies.
1 Item (2 pages)
Language of Materials
Her memories of housing Civil Rights workers in Hattiesburg, Mississippi, in the 1960s.
Material in this collection was created and donated by Mrs. Mamie L. Phillips.
- Civil rights movements -- Mississippi -- History -- 20th century. Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Civil rights workers -- Mississippi. Subject Source: Local sources
- Civil rights. Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Hattiesburg (Miss.). Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Memoir. Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Personal narratives. Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Race relations. Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Segregation. Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Mamie Lee Phillips Civil Rights Memoir
- Language of description
- Script of description
Part of the Historical Manuscripts and Photographs Repository
118 College Drive - 5148
Hattiesburg MS 39406-0001